A Book Review – American Foreign Policy – Carter to Clinton

The book is part of the American History in Depth series. The author is John Dumbrell and the general editor of the series is AJ Badger. The book is published in Hong Kong, 1997, by McMillan Publications. It is in paperback (ISBN: 0-333-61094-6), and it is also available in hardcover (ISBN: 0-333-61093-8); with papers suitable for recycling. No picture, table or graph can be seen in this book; except the photograph on the front cover that shows candidates Carter and Clinton together. As we can see in the Bibliographical Note, the author used secondary sources as well as some primary articles in form of printed articles.

The book focuses on the America foreign policy in the mid-20th century (from Carter's to Clinton's presidency) that was marked with the "struggle between liberal democratic capitalism and Soviet state socialism". As it is stated in the introduction, the book discusses four major themes:

1) ending of the Cold War,

2) the legacy of Vietnam War

3) American decline, and

4) the possibilities of the democratic foreign policy after 1977.

It examines the "long tradition of American optimism" saying that contemporary handsome victories, American optimism was under pressure during the 1980s; the great pressure and damage coming from America's defeat in Vietnam War which as carter put it made Americans understand that they are "no better than other people". Throughout the book, it is shown how attitudes and decisions in American foreign policy were under the influence of the Vietnam legacy, with special focus on the four presidencies of the era, Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton. The author tries to put the information together in an impartial way, criticizing or approving of the events carefully.

About Carter it is said that he believed that the cold war period had ended and that it was time to pursue "domestic processes". His other goal was to put commitment to human rights at the center of his foreign policy. But he never reached it because in some cases human rights were ignored because security issues were more important. In his time in the office, 2 revolutions took place that was not favorable to US, one in Iran and the other in Nicaragua. These events made Carter's presidency as a period full of crisis. Reagan's policies are discussed after Carter's. First his decision to increase defense expenditure is stated and the fact that he believed that America must develop a "high-tech shield that would protect it from nuclear threats. countries. "That's why he involved America in the Lebanese crisis so that it would not become a communist state." He also used human right as "an anti-soviet weapon" "Another important thing about him that is analyzed in this book is his" shadow policy of "winning back Iran" that finally led to Iran-contra scandal. The Reagan- Gorbachev dialogue is one of the other things discussed in this book. Then the book focuses on Bush's presidency claiming that his policies primarily reflected that of Reagan's except his policies towards the soviet that were more cautious than Reagan's. It is explained that how he faced a dilemma in the second gulf war. He wanted to oppress Iraq that had invaded Kuwait and at the same time to keep Iraq as threat to Iran. Clinton is the last president that the book speaks of. It says that like Cater, Clinton emphasized domestic issues over foreign policy. He tried to "close the book on Vietnam, by promoting the cause of US trade and investment. His military program is also stated that that he belied that its cost and size should be reduced.

The book is a good source of information for those who want to study the Cold War period and the effects of Vietnam war over American policies in the same era, especially undergraduate students who want a general information about the this period. For those who want a detailed description of the American foreign policy in the post-Cold war era, the book is not suitable because it does not go into details of the events and developments, giving only an overall picture. However in the End Notes for each chapter, one can find useful sources, books and articles that can guide him or her to further information about the topics discussed in chapters. In the Bibliographical Note also, the author suggests that: "much of the important secondary literature on recent US foreign policy may be found in specialist journals, notably Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Security and International Affairs."

Source by Marzieh Motahhari

Summer For The Gods by Edward Larson – Book Review

Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America’s Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion by Edward Larson

Book Review

The beginnings of Dayton, Tennessee’s famed “Monkey Trial” could be traced back to Page 5 of the Chattanooga Times. It was there where, on May 4, 1925, the ACLU issued a press release titled, Plan Assault on State Law on Evolution. “We are looking for a Tennessee teacher,” the article stated, “who is willing to accept our services in testing this law in the courts.” The law it referred to was the 1925 Butler Act, which prohibited Tennessee public school teachers from teaching the theory of Darwinian evolution. A 31-year-old, secular-minded chemical engineer named George Rappleyea read the piece and, as the story goes, contacted the chair of the local school board, Fred Robinson, who. Allured by the prospect of putting Dayton in the national headlines, Robinson sought out the head of the local high school’s science department, 24-year-old John T. Scopes. Scopes accepted the ACLU’s challenge on the spot. Just as planned, Scopes was indicted by a grand jury for violating Tennessee’s anti-evolution law three weeks later, and the media fiasco had begun. The court battle that ensued was later called “The Trial of the Century.”

Since then, public consensus on the Scopes trial has mostly been shaped by a 1960 film called Inherit the Wind, which is loosely based on the event. However, author Edward Larson has since tried to fill in the gaps in the movie, as well as correct some of its inaccuracies. His book Summer for the Gods is possibly the most detailed account of the trial, including the events that led to it as well as its aftermath. Accordingly, it is broken down into three main sections: “Before,” “During,” “And After.” When writing the book, Larson had at his disposal a vast amount of archival material that no researcher had the privilege of examining before. This advantage is made clear throughout the text-practically on every page-which is filled with details you’d never find with a simple Google search. Larson also takes the dual-position of historian as well as storyteller. In addition to providing copious detail on every aspect of the trial (everything from facial expressions to random observers’ commentary), Larson tries to the story of the Scopes trial in narrative form. When retelling the tale of John Scopes being asked to go to trial, Larson adds in: “A chain smoker, Scopes probably lit a cigarette at this point, if he had not already done so” (p. 89). Additions like these, although minor, make the entire text sound like a story rather than a history textbook, therefore making the book more readable to a wider audience.

As mentioned earlier, Larson tries to debunk common ideas that have made their way into public consensus due to the play and film, Inherit the Wind. For example, although the movie portrays Clarence Darrow as a cosmopolitan, free thinking advocate of secularism and champion of science and the human mind, he is more accurately described as merely anti-Christian and anti-religion. Larson claimed that he did not even fully understand the basics of evolutionary theory: “Darrow often invoked the idea of organic evolution to support his arguments, but it was never central to his thinking. He claimed to understand modern biology but mixed up Darwinian, Lamarckian, and mutation-theory concepts in his arguments, utilizing whichever best served his immediate rhetorical purposes.” (p. 72) In short, Larson explains, Darrow was a lawyer first, not a scientist.

By the same token, William Jennings Bryan is today seen as an uncompromising, blind follower of Biblical literalism. In contrast to rational-minded Clarence Darrow, Bryan represented an almost absurd Christian fundamentalism that refused to back down in the face of incontrovertible evidence. According to Larson, Inherit the Wind “transformed Bryan into a mindless, reactionary creature of the mob.” Indeed, Bryan’s character in the movie goes so far as to say that the Earth was created in six 24-hour days, and even gives the time of day at the point of Creation (9 A.M., incidentally). The truth is, though, that Bryan’s personality is much deeper and his intellect is much greater than Inherit the Wind portrays him as. It’s possible, Larson suggests, that Bryan understood evolution just as well or even better than Darrow did, and that his refutation of the teaching of evolution was based more on democratic grounds than biological ignorance. “The disgrace is not the Tennessee law,” Bryan explained, “the disgrace is that teachers…should betray the trust imposed on them by the taxpayers.” (p. 104) Through meticulous research, Larson is able to show that Bryan is not as simple-minded and one-dimensional as the popular consensus may assume from Inherit the Wind.

The man from whom the Scopes trial gets its name-John T. Scopes-was also misrepresented in the movie. Scopes is seen today as one of the heroes of the trial-the quintessential academic, standing by his biological convictions even when faced with the possibility of imprisonment. The truth of the matter, as Larson points out, is that Scopes ended up being the sacrificial victim not because of any moral or scientific convictions on his part, but more due to a matter of circumstance. Scopes was young, easy-going, wore thick-rimmed glasses and had a boyish appearance, making him look professorial but easy-going at the same time. He didn’t plan on staying in Dayton for too long, so any ill-reputation or punishment he’d receive wouldn’t do much damage to his personal life, anyway. Although Scopes claimed to adhere to the theory of Darwinian evolution, it’s likely that he did not fully grasp all the details of the theory, either. After all, he was a substitute-not the primary biology teacher-and taught physics, math, and football, not biology.

Although it is certainly the most influential, Inherit the Wind is not the only source of the public’s understanding of the Scopes trial. Frederick Lewis Allen’s best-selling history of the 20th century, Only Yesterday, retells the story of the trial in “lively, journalistic fashion,” as Larson writes (p. 225). Unfortunately, this re-telling was done with “cartoonlike simplicity.” Not only did Allen frame the case as “science vs. fundamentalism,” (a gross simplification), but he misconstrued concrete events of the trial. Although in reality William Jennings Bryan conceded that the “days” mentioned in the creation account in Genesis represented long stretches of time, Allen states in his book, “Bryan affirmed his belief that the world was created in 4004 B.C.,” a total fabrication of the facts that makes Bryan seem like a simple-minded fundamentalist. Because Only Yesterday was the first major retelling of the Scopes story, plus the fact that it was the best-selling nonfiction book of the 1930s made it a major influence on public interpretation of the trial. Unfortunately, as Larson shows, Allen may have overlooked and oversimplified many stages of the trial.

One major misconception that Larson tries to address is the belief that the Scopes trial was a major blow for American religiosity. This was largely accomplished by popular accounts of the trial (including both Inherit the Wind and Only Yesterday) which tended to equate William Jennings Bryan with fundamentalism as a whole. Since Bryan had been humiliated at the witness stand, the story goes, fundamentalism was severely damaged as a result. But the statistics show that churchgoing only increased after the trial, and antievolution activism was on the rise as well. Fundamentalist political activity only began to wane a decade after the trial. Today, though, the public sees the Scopes trial as a kind of “beginning of the end” for fundamentalist Christianity. Throughout Summer for the Gods, Larson tries to debunk this myth. “In sharp contrast with later legends about the Scopes trial,” Larson concludes, “no one saw the episode as a decisive triumph for the defense [immediately after the trial].”

An often overlooked party in the Scopes trial fiasco was the ACLU. Because most people tend to see the trial as “religion vs. science,” one might assume that the reason for the case was to put down religion and to champion science and free-thinkers. It was the ACLU, not any anti-religious group, that had the idea to go to court. The ACLU obviously had no anti-religious agenda, nor did it have any pro-evolution agenda. It merely wanted to keep public schools free from religious instruction, as dictated by the First Amendment. In fact, as Larson mentions, the ACLU was frustrated at popular misconceptions that arose after the trial because they made it seem as if religious fundamentalism was a defeated enemy, where in fact it still posed a threat to American secularism.

Although it is true that most of the people on Darrow’s side were secular (even atheistic), and most of the people on Bryan’s side were Christian (even fundamentalist), the court case proper was not a battle between religion and science, per se. It was also much less polarized than modern society thinks it was. Although Darrow and Bryan were on polar sides of the spectrum, many of the other players in the Scopes trial were more moderate, maintaining that the Bible and evolution could co-exist peacefully. This kind of bet-hedging doesn’t make for good cinema, though, and so popular accounts sensationalized this aspect of the trial. Larson makes his case clearly and with vivid detail and keeps the book at a manageable length-a crucial point if the book has any chance of reaching the hands of today’s youth. Overall, Larson’s attention to detail and ability to tell a story makes him deserving of the Pulitzer Prize he won for Summer of the Gods.

Source by Brandon E Baker

Book Review – The Mammoth Hunters by Jean M Auel

The third book of the best-selling Earth's Children series by Jean M. Auel picks up immediately after the end of the second novel The Valley of the Horses. The heroine of the series, Ayla, and her new lover Jondalar have just encountered a band of people whose identity is based on mammoth hunting. The meeting is shocking for Ayla because until this point in her seventeen years of life, she has never seen another living human except for Jondalar. From the age of five, Ayla had been raised by a cousin species of humans, known in the novel as Clan that are predominately Neanderthal people.

Ayla's upbringing leaves her without any cultural knowledge of how to live amongst her own kind. Her first experiences among the humans are bewildering and frightening. The group of mammoth hunters who take in Ayla and Jondalar designate their home as the Lion Camp, and Ayla takes this as a good sign because her totem animal is the cave lion that acts as her spiritual guide in life.

The people of the Lion Camp are also captivated by Ayla because she is beautiful, skilled as a healer, and rides a horse. The author does an excellent job in the novel of imagining the beginnings of animal domestication and how people might react to seeing for the first time a horse that obeys a human. Auel's approach to the process of animal domestication is plausible, and the way her narrative demonstrates the benefits that the animals brought to humans is compelling. Ayla's horse allows her to scout prey for the hunters more quickly and the horse helps to carry more meat back to the camp.

In this third novel, Auel gets to delve into an illustrating exploration of how early people might have lived up the ice age steppes of Europe and Central Asia. Through Ayla's eyes that knows only the culture of the Clan with its strict gender roles and unquestioning obedience to a group leader, the culture of her own people present an astounding contrast. All that she was prohibited from doing among the Clan, Ayla is free to do among the mammoth hunters. She can hunt; speak her mind, laugh, and cry. She is also introduced to art, music and communicating with written symbols. These abstract concepts were unknown to the Clan. Through the narrative, the ability of humans to experiment with new ideas and innovate were presented in contrast to the Clan ways that are based on memory. Among the Clan, things are done as they were always done. They are not questioned and as a result they are not improved. This is not to say that the Clan lacked extraordinary skills. The healing arts Ayla learned among the Clan are highly effective, which brings her respect among the mammoth hunters. However, her association with the Clan is also controversial because most humans consider the Clan to be animals and call them by the derogatory term flatheads. The prejudice against the Clan is a source of conflict between Ayla and many characters in the novel.

Auel presents the mammoth hunter society as having looser gender roles, which she illustrated to be a strength. Because women and men can cross over gender lines to cook, hunt, gather, butcher, and so forth, they are more productive because everyone can pitch in on certain tasks when needed. The cooperative mindset of the prehistoric people is also an important theme of the novel. Although people certainly have their own interests and talents, they exist within a society that tacitly expects everyone to work together for survival.

Because readers of the Mammoth Hunters will be coming from the perspective of an individualistic and patriarchal culture, they will find this novel especially enthralling as it presents a society that respects and values ​​women, bases hereditary on matrilineal descent, and depends on cooperative efforts. However, the prehistoric people in the novel are not selfless communists. They seek to improve their status and collect more valuable goods. They trade in possession and skills and frequently gamble.

Amid the finely detailed portrayal of prehistoric human society, the gripping emotional drama of Ayla commands the narrative as always. A wrenching love triangle emerges amongst Ayla and Jondalar and her new suitor Ranec. As this romantic storm brews, most readers will likely wish for Ayla to stick by Jondalar, but because Ayla is such a endearing and powerful character, you like me, will probably decide that you will follow Ayla wherever she travels. Being mad at her is impossible. She is a strikingly vivid character, both larger than life and totally familiar. Ayla represents a literary triumph for Auel, who I believe has delivered yet another brilliant novel. I praise Auel's writing so highly because her characters became real for me. I think about them when I am not reading the books. I worry about them. I wish I could talk to them. In The Mammoth Hunters, Auel has created that most blissful of reading experiences: one that is emotionally tangible.

For readers who like adventure, drama, romance, powerful spirituality, and contemplating the mysterious origins of humanity, The Mammoth Hunters is highly recommended. I rate it five tusks of mammoth ivory.

Source by Tracy Falbe

Car Safety – Preventing Accidents and Breakdowns

Most people do not wish to have their vehicle break, but it does happen. There are many simple things you can do to prevent breakdowns of your vehicle, however. Nothing is one hundred percent fool proof, though, so even if you do the maintenance to prevent breakdowns it's also important to know what to do to handle a breakdown, especially if you're in a situation that could become dangerous as well as what to do to help prevent the break from becoming dangerous.

First of all, to prevent breakdowns in your car, there are several things you can do. Keep up with your vehicle's recommended oil changes and when you are getting the oil changed have the tires, belts and other fluids checked at the same time. One of the main types of breakdowns occurs in the cars electrical system. To help prevent these types of breakdowns, have your battery check regularly and keep jumper cables in the car. Tires can cause problems as well. Make sure they are rotated and balanced regularly and replaced when they need to be.

While it's not possible to prevent all breakouts, you can take steps to help keep breaks from becoming disasters. First of all, anytime you are going on a road trip make sure someone else knows the route you'll be taking so that if there is a problem they'll know where to look for you to send help.

Your insurance may offer roadside assistance, but if it does not want you might want to subscribe to a auto club that does in case of emergencies. Additionally, having a cell phone with you can help you get the necessary help as soon as possible.

Finally, keep your car stocked with an emergency kit that includes flares, jumper cables, first aid, water, oil and other fluids, an atlas and a blanket.

If and when your car does breakdown you'll first want to get out of traffic. Pull over to the side of the road or onto an exit ramp if you can. Also look around for mile marks, road signs, and landmarks – anything to assist help in finding your location. Once you've called for help, remain in your vehicle until help arrives. If you can not get your vehicle out of traffic, put on the hazards, raise the hood if you can and then get out of the vehicle and move away from traffic until help arrives.

Other things to keep in mind:

If you live in an area that has a winter season, prepare your car before that first snow storm hits. Put on snow tires and have the car checked for proper fluid levels as well as have the brakes, lights and exhaust system checked. Once the weather gets cold, always keep at least a half of a tank of gas in your car. When you are in your car, dress in layers and have emergency blankets and cold weather clothing stocked in case your car breaks down.

If you are driving in the rain always use your headlights, allow more distance for stopping and slow down. If it begins raining so hard that your visibility is impaired, pull off the road until the rain subsides.

Tips for Choosing a Car Seat:

1. Make sure that the seat you purchase states that it meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213.
2. Avoid using seats more than six years old or seats that have been in a car accident. If you are unsure, do not use the seat because even if it looks okay, it may not be structurally sound.
3. If you begin using a seat that you've previously used for an older child, call the manufacturer to check for recalls.
4. Check your state laws to find out when your child is okay to move out of the boost seat.
5. Avoid using any blankets, extra padding or subsidies underneath your infant or child in the car seat because they could affect how well the restraints actually restrain the child.

Copyright 2007 by Ruby Aragon. All rights reserved.

We've got the solutions to help you cope with all of these situations. Your life becomes easier and safer when you have unique safety and protection products from Rubystone.

You Can Protect Your Loved Ones In An Emergency-By Being Prepared!

Source by Ruby Aragon

Selling Your Used Car

So let us say you are in the market of cheap used autos for sale in US. It may be that you are selling that ancient car you had since college or you are selling that very first car you bough from your paycheck. Wither way, this is your first time to sell and you have no idea on what to do. Here are some quick tips that will help you sell used car in United States

1. Know your carMs fair market value

This will require some research and time. Make sure you allocate one Friday afternoon or one weekend all for this because this will take time. One, you can check out the classified ads and see how much other sellers that have the same mileage and car model as you do. Or you can go to dealerships and check out how much they will price your car.

However, your car may price differently as you may have some special features on your car Like if you had installed some subwoofers a year ago on it, then you may have a higher value for your car.

2. Choose your market

Some cars are more in demand for one market to another. Let us say you live in a community where families usually live, then a family car type will be most in demand. If you have a car that is termed as a "tree hugger," then that car may be preferred by eco-friendly folks.

3. Choose your mode of advertisement if you are to sell your car on your own

Once you found the market best suited for your car find the best place that will market your car to these specific people. Maybe find the spot in your community where these people hang out and post that ad on your car's window. Or what you can do, so you will reach to a wider and all encompassing market is by availing an ad space in online used car listings in US websites. You can also use local newspapers and magazines and post ads. If you have your online journal, then you can post your for sign sign there too.

4. Tune up the car

e do not mean overhaul your car maybe some minor car maintenance trick will do. Like wax your car vacuum the seats plus the interior, clean up the glove compartment and the trunk and shine those tires, mags and bumpers.

Then you can ask a friend to act like a potential buyer to prepare you for future buyer questions on your car It is best to be prepared on answers. Ask that friend to test drive your car as well and see if he ends up having problems in driving.

5. Be and honest and confident seller

Make sure that when you are about to transact to a potential buyer, do your best in answering everything and giving out needed information. Give the buyer some space if he or she inspecting your car and do not be too pushy. We all know how we get turned off by pushy sales people.

Source by Maxim Let

Xenon HID Kit – Neighbors’ Envy, Owners’ Pride

Do you have car with conventional exterior lamps? To be frank, the car should be properly upgraded with the workable and fashionable accessories which will perform excellently. The lighting accessories are very important parts of the car and if your cab is not perfectly designed with the competent lighting devices, the possibility of the occurrence of the street accident is very prominent. You need to be much more cautious and careful while driving your four-wheelers through the public road during night. The darkness is always detrimental to the safety of the car. You will have to navigate properly during the dark night while driving the car at high speed. For this reason, you must purchase the Xenon HID headlamps which have been brought to the market by Philips.

Xenon Kits kit- Easy to Install

Xenon HID kit is very convenient for the installation. You don’t need to hire anyone to upgrade your own car with the Xenon HID lamps. You can install the lamps on your own at home. If you check properly, you will find that a complete Xenon HID kit contains two durable ballasts, two standard bulbs and a fully informative booklet in which technical details have been written clearly so that you will learn fast how to install the Xenon HID exterior lamps perfectly. The kit is also loaded with the hardware tools like screwdriver, socket, pliers for cutting the wire etc. Those who have purchased these headlamps for the installation in their cars have expressed their pleasure and satisfaction due to the long lasting features and the good performance track record. Every bulb of Xenon is really a matter of enticement to the young generation. If you are a fashionable guy and like to decorate your car in modern way, please search for the lamp accessories which will increase the beauty of your car. The color contrast is eye catching. The aerodynamic shaped Xenon lamps will accentuate the overall aesthete of your car. Comparing to the ordinary halogen bulbs, Xenon HID will produce more elegant light which will soothe your eyes as well.

The Philips Xenon accessory kit is globally recognized. You will be benefited by using the Philips branded Xenon kit which is highly sophisticated. You will have the unique experience when you travel the long distance driving your dream car on the road. Basically, Xenon HID headlamps will be much helpful to the nocturnal riders who are habituated to make the adventurous trip to the backcountry or to any far flung area in the deep terrain. The Xenon lamps release 3 times more bright and elegant lighting effect which will make your journey successful. Due to the usage of Xenon gas, quality of the light is much higher. A bluish white light will create a romantic ambience. The fluctuation of light is very low as the mechanics have used the modern and very sophisticated Philips ballasts for controlling electricity. The beam will be perfect without twinkling and trembling. The uninterrupted flow of the Xenon light will help you to see everything lying on the road. You will easily surface the hidden potholes, cobbles, glass splinters or any hard object lying on the road. If you like to maintain the fantastic nightlife by attending discotheques, bars or going to any fashionable shopping mall by driving car during night, you must opt for the Xenon HID lamps for the installation in your cab.

The price rate of the Xenon kit is also very affordable and you can get good discounts if you search extensively in the online shopping centers or in various hardware storefronts. Xenon HID only requires 35w electricity for illumination. If you want to install the headlights independently, you must go through the instructions and guidelines of the information booklet. Philiphs Xenon HID lighting accessory kit is really durable and fully equipped with the efficient tools and appliances. Check the catalogue to select the mind blowing colored Xenon HID headlamps. Philips HID Xenon offers more than 9% lumens and the longevity of the color will be longer than any other ordinary headlamp. Xenon Kit Ballast is well equipped with upgraded ballast and a durable standard bracket. This kit is available for around $30. Surf the Amazon.com to find the high quality and long lasting Xenon HID Kit Ballast at such a low price. However, prior to buy the product, you must overhaul whether there is any guarantee offer with the kit.

Source by Dor Gefen

Choosing the Right Winnipeg Chevrolet Dealer

Buying a new or used car means several things. You have to decide what kind of vehicle you want, in terms of make and model. Once you have that determined, you have to choose a dealership. There are many Winnipeg Chevrolet Dealers. But not all dealers are alike and you need to be careful when you pick one to do business with. Otherwise, you could end up spending way too much money on a lemon. Viking Motors is not a lemon dealer. They are a reputable Chevrolet dealership that has been in business since 1958.

They are located just outside of Winnipeg. This convenient location allows them to serve the entire Interlake region, including Winnipeg, Brandon, Gimli, and Thompson. People have been coming to Viking Motors from around because because of the high quality vehicles and service. Winnipeg Chevrolet Dealers are abundant within the city limits. This dealership is not directly located in Winnipeg, but close enough to be a good option. When you take into consideration the benefits of shopping at Viking, you will see why.

Viking Motors is a family-owned and operated dealership. They have the largest selection of new Buick, Pontiac, and GMC vehicles. They also have one of the largest assortments of used vehicles. One thing that they stand behind is customer satisfaction. If you want a particular vehicle that they do not have, they will find it for you. It usually only takes them about 48 hours to find it and then it is yours. This opens up many other options to you when it comes to finding a new or used car. You do not have to shop through several different lots. You can come in and get exactly what you want.

One other important feature about Viking Motors is their customer service. This is a friendly environment, one where the associates treat you like a neighbor, not like a number. You will not have to deal with high-pressure sales tactics and confusing terms. The employees at Viking Motors let you make your own decisions and take the time to answer your questions in layman's terms. No confusion, no pressure, just you, your associate, and your new car. If you are looking at Winnipeg Chevrolet Dealers, look no further than Viking Motors.

Source by Brodie Ball

THIS KID HAS THE MOVES Credit: facebook.com/andrew.morris.96155


Credit: facebook.com/andrew.morris.96155


Preparing a Used Car For Sale

Although the main things like the service history and mileage directly affect a cars value, its appearance is one of the important things that indicate what its worth. It is also one of the simplest things for you to transform the car yourself. Giving it a good cleaning inside and out or getting the car professionally valeted will see a car's value increase and in some cases dramatically. By having a professional valet done to a car will generate even more impressive results. If you spend £ 100 to £ 250 on a professional valet then your cars value should increase even more. This could be as much as £ 300 to £ 400 as a part exchange at a used car dealership.

If you decide to do the work yourself, do not use household washing up liquid as it contains salt and will increase the chances of rust. Carefully work from the top down and use plenty of water to prevent paintwork being damaged. By the time you have finished, make sure you have paid much attention to detail by cleaning all the following:

1. Wheels

2. Carpets

3. Seats

4. Headlining

5. Wheel arches

6. Door jambs

Also make sure that all the fluid levels are topped up and that you have got all the paperwork for the car. Any invoices will be most useful, while the registration V5 document and MOT are essential.

If there is minor damage to the car such as small dents, scratches or interior trim damage it may be worth getting a professional to repair it. Some work should not cost much, but you do need to make sure that you will get your money back by being able to ask a bit more for the car or increase the asking price. If the tires are worn out on the car, you probably will not get your money back by replacing them, unless you fit some cheap ones or part worn tires but a buyer may then think that you have run the car on a shoestring. That is why you are probably better off selling the car with tires that will soon need replacement or knock sum money off the asking price.

Source by Dav Pattar

Possible Recipients for Donated Cars

Did you know that 70% of the car’s body is made of ferrous metals (like cast iron and sheet steel), 6% is comprised of non-ferrous metals, and 24% of Automotive Shredder Residue? This means that careless disposal of junk vehicles may lead to the most alarming kind of pollution. On the brighter side, these numbers also speak of the possibility of recycling some parts of the ride. After all, 76% of the car is made from metals that can still be processed to be re-used.

This should serve as a primary encouragement to car owners who couldn’t think of any solution to dispose the badly tarnished vehicle crowding their garages. They have two options: sell or donate. Both choices entail considerable perks and whinges.

Selling the junk cars helps owners have bit of profit, around $25-$50. BUT putting the old vehicle on sale takes up too much time as some organizations demand legal documents to be presented. Negotiations may also be time-consuming because there is a need to asses which parts can be sold for salvage and which components are for recycling.

Donating the junk car to charity organizations, on the other hand, is another story. One can get rid of the junk car way faster, but without the profit.

Those who can forego profiteering and are simply after the proper disposal of their crippled rides may find donating more convenient. In such case, it is imperative to know where to donate junk car.

There are several groups and organizations that would be more than happy to accept donated cars, either for recycling or restoration.

– Cars that may still be repaired (after painstaking processes) can go to auto salvage dealers. On some fortunate events, the dealers may insist on offering a reasonable price even when the primary goal is to donate the ride.

– Cars that may be impossible to restore and repair can be given to environment-oriented charity organizations. There are groups who accept hand-outs, going as far as accepting bequeathed junk cars. Organizations as such often have metal recycling facilities and sell the recovered metals for profit. A whopping 42% of new steel in North America, for example, came from donated junk cars (sometimes sold) to charity recycling units.

– Agencies with contact to wide range of charity groups from different parts of the country can well assist in the quest to donate junk vehicles. This would eliminate the hassle of choosing where to give the car, as the representatives would find the most suitable recipient for the vehicle. In such cases, expect to have the tax deduction receipt, 6 to 8 weeks after the car was picked up.

While it is easier to just pick an organization after knowing possibly where to donate junk car, it is wiser to know about what happens to vehicle after it is being donated. Know that the most ideal beneficiaries are those that perform de-pollution and produce recycled metals to gain profits for charity groups.

The most reputable organizations where your tarnished vehicles can be donated would perform the recovery and/or draining of all environment hazards in the guise of harmful fluids and chemicals – with the process recognized and accredited by Authorized treat Facility (ATF).

Source by John Stackson